Infrastructure as Code- Azure ARM Templates

One of the buzz words in the DevOps words is this “Infrastructure as Code” thing, and the Azure ARM Templates are a good example of how it would look like.

Azure Resource Manager (ARM) allows users to deploy applications to Azure using declarative JSON templates. The template will be used to deploy your components to different environments such as development, testing, staging, and production.

This article will help to get the answers of following:

  • Do you have a complex Azure Infrastructure ?
  • Do you need to version your infrastructure and keep a history  for tracking?
  • Do you need to stop worrying about the deployment of your infrastructure and make it automated ?

Answer of all above questions are ARM Templates, Github(any version control system) and Azure DevOps.

Using an ARM template allows to specify all of the host infrastructure details in code, which makes creating infrastructure much easier, and more repeatable and stable.

Create an ARM template

There are different ways to create the ARM templates.

If you are unfamiliar with json and ARM templates I recommend you to read Microsoft official documentation and getting started guide which will show how you can find the template from an existing deployment or create a new.

For this demo, I will use the Visual Studio 2019 to create ARM template.

If you don’t have Visual Studio installed already you can download and install it from here. While installing the Visual Studio, make sure you check the Azure development section like the below picture.

If you already have Visual Studio and you did not select this section, you can do it by going to windows “Add/Remove programs” and modify your Visual Studio instance and add this in.

Before starting with Visual Studio 2019, make sure you got the correct package installed for Azure development – I’ve included a screenshot of the “Azure development” pack I needed to install in my “Visual Studio Updater”.

vs azure

Now open Visual Studio, and select File > New Project and under the C# branch, select “Cloud”, and “Azure Resource Group” project template.

arg picture

This template creates an Azure Resource Group deployment project. The deployment project will contain artifacts needed to provision Azure resources using Azure Resource Manager that will create an environment for your application.

Next, Visual Studio 2019 gives the option to select what kind of ARM template I want to use. There are a bunch of useful templates available, and to create an Azure App Service, I’ve selected the “Web app” template, as shown below. You can start blank or select from numerous templates available from Github.

select azure template

After click OK on that screen, the ARM project is created.

It creates 3 files in the solution.


  1. A powershell script that can be used/run using Azure CLI or Azure devops to deploy the Resource Group based on the template
  2. An ARM Template that can deploy an Azure Web app on Azure Portal.
  3. An ARM Template Parameters that is used to define any variables that are used in the main website ARM template.

Deploy an ARM template

ARM Template can be deployed by 2 ways:

  1. Using Visual Studio deploy.

       It is quite simple. All we need to do is:

  • Open the Website.parametes.json file
  • Update all the values that are missing and save it.
  • Right click on the project and click Deploy.
  • Select your subscription and done!

Move/Push the code to GitHub.

2. Using Build/deploy Tool – I’ll be covering this in my next post. Here is the post.

Happy Coding!!


Getting started with Terraform

I’m becoming a fan of Terraform, when I started using at my work to manage our Azure environments and using it more recently with Azure Devops. Terraform is an infrastructure-as-code tool that allows to create and manage cloud based infrastructure in codified way. It is an open source tool that codifies APIs into declarative configuration files (*tf) that can be source control to version the changes.

Infrastructure as Code (IaC) is provisioning and managing computing infrastructure with declarative approach that can be source control to version the changes that you want to make your infrastructure.  Infrastructure-as-code, is a modern approach to managing infrastructure, and is called the “foundation for DevOps”.


Using Infrastructure as Code as part of your deployment process has a number of benefits to your workflow:

  • Consistency – The IoC will be consistent through source code management. This is good when it comes to rolling back if mistakes are made.
  • Speed – Creating infrastructure through declarative approach will be faster while comparing to manual navigation through interface.
  • Reusability –  Existing code can be reused for provisioning and deployment across multiple platforms.
  • Extensibility – Existing code can be extended for provisioning and deployment.

Terraform uses the concept of “providers”, which are like plugins which extend the capabilities of the tool, to interact with various cloud systems in a number of different ways.

Installing Terraform

I’m using Windows 64-bit.

Terraform is packed as zip archive. You can download it using chocolatey,  which is good too.

  • After downloading terraform, unzip the package.

  • Copy files from the zip to “c:\terraform” for example. That’s my terraform PATH. The PATH is the system variable that operating system uses to locate needed executables from the command line or Terminal window.

For Windows 8 

  • Search for : System (Control panel)

  • Click the Advanced system settings link.

  • Click Environment Variables.

  • In the section System Variables, find the PATH environment variable and select it. Click Edit. If the PATH environment variable does not exist, click New.

  • In the Edit System Variable window, append at the end of the PATH environment variable the value of terraform path as ”c:\terraform;”

  • Click OK, then OK, then OK

Verify Install

Once you have configured the terraform, you should be able to run terraform commands. Open up command prompt and type terraform. You should see the terraform usage appear.

Terraform Extension with Visual Studio Code

  • Once Installer is complete and can be opened from the Start Menu.
  • To install extensions Press F1 and start typing ext or (Ctrl + Shift + X)

  • Choose Extensions: Install Extensions
  • Install Terraform and Azure Terraform extensions

Now you’re ready to write some code!

Happy Coding!